Call: 086 999 0123          SMS: 072 204 5056
Career Help Facebook

Subject Choice

How to make the right Subject Choices

The subjects you choose before entering the Further Education and Training phase [Grade 10-12] determine, to a large extent, your future career options. It is therefore important to really think long and hard about what your long-term dreams and goals are and use them to guide you on which subjects to choose. Making a career choice is one of the most important decisions a learner makes. It is therefore vital that you have the necessary information and get proper advice before you make such a decision. You also need to get information on careers, qualifications and subjects required.

Look Inwards

To help choose your Grade 10 subjects it is important for you to seriously think about what you want to do in life. Examples of the questions you can ask yourself are:

  • What combinations of Grade 10 subjects will give me more career options?
  • What do I want to be professionally remembered for?
  • What industry do I want to work in?

What Subjects are there to choose from?

There is a choice of 25 elective subjects (some of which have been classified as “designated subjects” which are more suitable for tertiary study). Not all the subjects listed in the table are available at all schools. So it is important that you find out what subjects your school is offering and make a choice.

Mathematics OR Mathematics Literacy?

Both mathematics and mathematical literacy are important subjects. Every career involves some level of mathematical literacy. The aim of mathematical Literacy is to develop basic mathematical skills for everyday situations i.e. reading a bank statement, or setting up a budget whereas mathematics involves abstract problem solving. Preparing young people specifically for certain fields requires mathematics. Before making a choice, ask yourself these three questions:

  • Do I need mathematics as a subject for the field of study I am considering?
  • Am I performing well in mathematics right now?
  • If not, what can I do to improve my mathematics skills?

Choose up to 7 Subjects for Grade 10

Compulsory Subjects
1. One home language (please click here for a list of home languages)
2. One 1st additional language (please click here for a list of additional languages)
3. Mathematics or Mathematical Literacy
4. Life Orientation

From one of the categories below, choose three subjects:
HUMAN AND SOCIAL STUDIESGeography; History; Religious Studies
BUSINESS COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT STUDIESAccounting; Business Sciences; Economics
SERVICESConsumer Studies; Hospitality Studies; Tourism
ARTS & CULTURE Dance Studies; Design; Dramatic Arts; Visual Arts, Music
ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Civil Technology; Electrical Technology; Engineering and Graphic Design; Mechanical Technology
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Agricultural Science; Agricultural Management Practices; Agricultural Technology
PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS COMPUTER AND LIFE SCIENCES Life Sciences; Physical Sciences; Computer Applications Technology; Information Technology

Please note that not all subjects give you access to University studies.
Furthermore, some specific courses need specific subjects.
Please check the entry requirements (subject mix and pass mark) with your Life Orientation teacher or the institution you want to study at.

In the case where you are not sure what career you will follow based on the subjects you have chosen, have a look at the table below.

Agriculture Farm manager, Nature conservationist: Horticulturalist, Agricultural Technician, Agricultural Engineer, Farmer, Landscape Engineer, Educator
Equine studies Veterinarian, Jockey, Horse Trainer, Horse Breeder, Horse Rider
Civil Technology Draughtsperson, Shop fitter , Cabinet-maker, Carpenter and Joiner, Plumber, Bricklayer and Plasterer
Engineering Graphics and Design Architect, Electrical Draughtsperson, Mechanical Draughtsperson, Designer (furniture, motor vehicles, aeronautics)
Nautical Sciences Deck Hand, Deck Officer, Harbour Master, Ship’s Mate, Master Captain, Yacht Captain, Navigator, Tug master
Mechanical technology Automotive Technician, Aircraft Technician, Automotive Mechanic, Boilermaker, Earthmoving equipment mechanic, Fitter and Turner, Welder
Electrical Technology Electrician, Auto-electrician, Electrical Fitter, Electrical Draughtsperson, Electrical or Electronics Technician, Electrical or Electronics Technologist
Mathematics Medical Doctor, Teacher, Pharmacist, Physicist, Actuary, Dentist, Town Planner, Astronomist, Engineer, Technologist, Technician, Architect, Scientist, Aeroplane Pilot, Information Technology Specialist
Mathematical literacy Teacher, Plumber, Bricklayer, Welder, Computer Programmer, Bookkeeper, Chef, Social Worker, Sales Executive, Journalist, Business Manager, Caterer
Physical sciences Medical Doctor, Teacher, Pharmacist, Physicist, Actuary, Dentist, Town Planner, Astronomist, Engineer, Technologist, Technician, Architect, Scientist, Aeroplane Pilot, Information Technology Specialist
Computer Technology Database Designer, Information Technology Specialist, Computer Technician, Software Engineer, Computer Programmer
Life Sciences Marine biologist, Microbiologist, Bio-Chemist, Ecologist, Physiologist, Botanist, Zoologist, Pharmacist
Economics Chartered Accountant, Economist, Tax Consultant, Auditor, Stock Broker, Budget Analyst, Business Analyst, Investment Analyst, Market Researcher, Bookkeeper
Accounting Chartered Accountant, State Accountant, Financial Accountant, Bookkeeper, Banking Services, Production Manager, Industrial Buyer, Retail Sales Executive, Systems Analyst, Auctioneer, Chief Financial Office
History Journalist, Public Relations Specialist, Researcher, Tourism Practitioner, Archaeologist, Historian, Legal Practitioner, Politician, Diplomat, Librarian, Marketer, Tourist guide
Geography Environmental Planner, Environmental Journalist, Town Planner, Rural and Urban Planner, Map Maker, Meteorologist, Conservationist
Religious Studies Minister, Social worker, Development worker, Human Rights worker, Researcher, Journalist, Community Service worker
Tourism, Hospitality Studies, Consumer Studies Tour Guide, Tour Information Officer, Flight Attendant, Purser, Restaurant Manager, Hotel Manager, Chef, Bartender, Waitron (restaurants, coffee shops, hotels, fast food outlets, bed-and breakfast establishments), Food and Beverage Manager, Banqueting Manager, Entrepreneur, Product Developer, Events Manager, Travel Agent, Fashion Designer
Music Musician, Singer, Recording Studio Technician, Composer, Music Teacher, Sound Technician, Arts Manager
Dramatic Arts, Television Studies and Dance Studies Actor (stage, TV, movies), Director, TV Producer, TV Announcer, Radio Announcer, Set/Costume/ Lighting/ Sound Designer, Arts Manager, Speech Therapist, Public Relations Officer, Media Relations Coordinator, Dancer, Choreographer, Drama or Dance Teacher, Critic, Dance Administrator, Aerobics Instructor, Dance Therapist, Fashion Show Director
Visual arts Artist, Desktop Publisher, Curator of an Art Gallery, Art Historian, Critic, Arts Manager, Teacher, Video Producer, Photographer, Digital Designer, Graphic Designer, Illustrator, Framer
Languages Interpreter, Journalist, Media Broadcaster, Author, Publisher, Editor, Tour Guide, Translator